Foundation Basics: Part 1

I wanted to share the basics of foundation with you.  I decided not to do my routine for foundation since what works for me may now work for you.  However, I did want to give some tips, ideas and thoughts on foundation application that may be beneficial to you.


These products are typically touted as making foundation last longer.  In addition, many companies claim they have other properties to help them sell.  These can range anywhere from oil controlling properties, to claims of reducing wrinkles. 

These are a foundation product that I do not consider a necessity. For those in temperate climates, with normal skin these may not be worth the cost of the product.  However, for those with skin issues (such as oilyness) or environments not cooperative with makeup they can be a life saver.

Some  application tips:

  • A little goes a long way.  While the price tag on these items can seem a bit high you do not need much.  In some cases, using too much will actually cause more problems than it will solve.
  • Not all primers agree with all foundations.  I am not 100 percent sure how to tell what will work with what.  If you can try a sample first that is ideal.  From personal experience I can say that smoothing primers usually do not work oil free or matte foundations.
  • Go ahead, use your fingers!  This is one product I see being okay to apply with your fingers.  Just make sure that your hands are clean!


Now that I have saved you some money by letting you know that you do not necessarily need a primer, I am going to cost you a bit.  You need at least 1, if not 2, great concealers.  The reason I say 2 is that the skin under your eyes is not only more delicate, but potentially drier, than the rest of your facial skin.  This means that spackle that covers your blemishes may not be great to drag over the under eye area.

This is also the time when you would use any correctors that you need.  These come in a wide range of colors to deal with a wide range of solutions.  Most commonly these are seen in pink tones and greens.  I for one have always had issues with some color correctors.  The pink or yellow ones that are next to where skin tones fall on the color wheel are fine.  However, the green and purple correctors do take a bit more work (read: time) to get right.  Unless you have the time and energy to devote to learning how to properly use them I suggest you steer clear.

Some Application Tips:

  • Depending on where the product is determines if you can get away with out using a makeup brush.  As I said before the under eye skin is extremely delicate, and needs a gentle touch.  This means no pulling or dragging, for this area of your face a brush is a necessity.  While a brush may not be a necessity for the rest of your face, it is helpful because:
  • Not only do the oils from your hands cause your cosmetics to go bad faster by introducing bacteria to the container, but also uses up larger amounts of product.  Not only does a good portion of the concealer get stuck in the pads on your fingers, preventing you from getting the fullest possible coverage, but also makes your makeup wear for shorter periods of time.  Remember that whole introducing skin bacteria and oils.  you introduce these in larger quantities from your fingers.  These can cause your makeup to not last as long, or oxidize (darken) throughout the day.
  • Make sure your skin is well moisturized before applying concealer.  This not only provides some ‘slip’ to your skin, but also lays a nice smooth base for the concealer.
  • Foundation can help blend out the edges.  Despite how hard we all try, it is extremely difficult to get a perfect match in concealer.  Even more so if you take into account that it needs to match your foundation also.  For me this leads me to apply concealer first.  However, if you prefer to use concealer after lightly buffing over the blemish with your foundation brush can help blend the concealer in with your foundation.
  • Skip the old wives tale about lighter concealer.  Now a days they sell plenty of highlighters to illuminate the under eye area.  These give you more control over highlighting than concealer.  For your undereye concealer you may be tempted to go a shade lighter.  However, this can create a grayish cast if you go too light, or the dreaded racoon eyes.  Picking a color that blends with your foundation is your best bet. and leave the brightening to your highlighter.

Next week I will share some more secrets to do with foundation, makeup brushes and Setting sprays!  Are there any suggestions/recommendations you would make regarding primer and concealer?